Soil: Bale, Boomer, Clear Lake, Cole, Coombs series
Block House Vineyard was originally planted in 1836 by George C. Yount after receiving the Rancho Caymus land grant from General Vallejo. The name Block House stems from George C. Yount’s first Kentucky-style defense outpost in the frontier west of the Mississippi River. This vineyard is thought to be amongst the oldest in all of Napa Valley.
The eastern portion of the Yountville AVA is comprised of multiple alluvial bands of both sedimentary soils and clays as well as riddled with volcanic outcrops. With its close proximity to the San Pablo Bay, Block House Vineyard is a relative cool growing region, often times blanketed with cold wet air until the early afternoon; this cool climate allows sufficient hang time for Vin Clair and Vin Rubis, as well as our sparkling rosé.
Nestled 1,500 feet above sea level in the eastern hills of Napa Valley lies Cougar Rock Vineyard. This unique 1,200-acre estate (550 acres under vine) rests in Foss Valley, an original path of travel for the early settlers between the California coast and the Sacramento Valley.
The Pinot noir blocks for brick & mortar consists for three different clones: 777, 115 and Pommard 4. The granite-laden and dusty red clay soils create an intense mineral component in the wine, while the opulent fruit characteristics from the Dijon clones (777 and 115) crossed with the structure-driven Pommard clone serve as the backbone for this bright and focused Pinot Noir.
The Chardonnay blocks for brick & mortar lie in what we like to call, "The Valley in the Mountains." Sitting upwards of 1,450 feet in elevation, the Chardonnay is grown on the Foss Valley floor resulting in a wonderfully long growing season with cool nights, allowing the natural brightness of this Chardonnay to streamline through the mid-palate and finish. Our small parcel is one of the rockiest portions of the vineyard block, further complementing the vineyard as whole in this mineral-driven Chardonnay.
FAULT LINE VINEYARD
AVA: Sonoma County
Sub-AVA: Sonoma Coast
Elevation: 1,000 feet
Soil: Laggier loam, volcanic rock
Perched at nearly 1,000 feet in the eastern mountain range of Petaluma on the Sonoma Coast, Fault Line was originally planted Pre-Prohibition in the 1880’s. The current vines are nearly 30 years old. Running through the property is the Rodgers Creek Fault, which created an uprising of different volcanic soils. Hidden in the vineyard is a petrified forest as well as rocky, well-drained Laniger and Raynors soils throughout the vineyard, creating the beautiful minerality that has become the hallmark of our Fault Line Vineyard wines.
FORT ROSS VINEYARD
AVA: Sonoma Coast
Sub-AVA: Fort Ross-Seaview
Elevation: 1,200-1,800 feet
Soil: Hugo series; Hugo-Boomer complex
Fort Ross Vineyard is the located less an one mile from the Pacific Ocean, making it the closest vineyard to the ocean in California. Residing over 1,200 feet above sea level, Fort Ross Vineyard basks in beautiful bright sun for the majority of the growing season. That said, the extreme weather shifts within the vineyard from calm and clear to blustery and stormy creates a truly unique winegrowing climate.
Block 3 Chardonnay at Fort Ross Vineyard is 100% Hyde Clone, known for its structure and density in the palate. The rolling hills of Block 3 create multiple different elevations and aspects to the sun, further increasing the complexity and layering within the wine. Soils in this Chardonnay are Hugo-Boomer complex are underlain with weathered sandstone and shale. With most Chardonnay blocks in the vineyard planted on the more clay-laden soils, our Chardonnay block produces some of the best minerality in the entire vineyard. The shallow, rocky soils coupled with the cool climate and bright sun produces a wine with beautiful salinity and saltiness, a wonderful homage to the close proximity to the Pacific Ocean.
LA PERLA VINEYARD
AVA: Napa Valley
Sub-AVA: Spring Mountain District
Elevation: 1,400-1,700 feet
Soil type: Volcanic, sedimentary rock
At 1,700 feet elevation with hillside slopes upwards of 25% grade, La Perla Vineyard is the definition of a mountain vineyard and truly treacherous terrain to grow Pinot Noir. In far northwest of Napa Valley, the cold air from the Pacific Ocean creeps over the Mayacamas Mountains, draping itself over Spring Mountain, creating the perfect framework of cold nights and a long growing season for Pinot Noir.
La Perla Vineyard is riddled with shallow volcanic soils with intermittent patches of sedimentary and calcareous rock. Meter by meter plantings of this site with over 4,000 vines/acre results in smaller vines with smaller, more concentrated and powerful Pinot Noir clusters and berries. Coupled with the fact this vineyard is organically farmed, this rocky, hillside block is ideal for our single vineyard brick & mortar Pinot Noir.
MANCHESTER RIDGE VINEYARD
AVA: Mendocino County
Sub-AVA: Mendocino Ridge
Elevation: 2,050 feet
Soil: Ornbaun series
Manchester Ridge Vineyard resides four miles inland from Point Area, perched over 2,000 feet above the Pacific Ocean. All vineyards must be 1,200 feet in elevation or higher to be included in Mendocino Ridge AVA. These peaks rest above the dense clouds and fog that often times blankets the region, creating seemingly islands in the sky surrounded by Redwood and Douglas fir trees. These ridge tops receive beautiful and intense sunshine throughout the growing season and with only 75 planted acres in the entire wine growing region, Mendocino Ridge is one of the most exclusive AVAs in California.
The Pinot Noir and Chardonnay we source from Manchester Ridge Vineyard creates some of the brightest, most mineral-driven wines we produce. The cool, maritime climate coupled with the intense year-round sunshine creates a long growing season where the fruit has ample time to develop complexity. The well-drained Ornbaun soils at Manchester Ridge Vineyard are primarily weathered sandstone, a hallmark of the coastal mountain tops.
SWEETWATER SPRINGS VINEYARDS
AVA: Sonoma Coast
Sub-AVA: Russian River Valley
Elevation: 200 feet
Soil type: Yorkville-Laughlin clay-loam complex
Sweetwater Springs Vineyard is located on Westside Road in Healdsburg. With its temperate climate of mild days and cold nights due to its proximity to the Russian River, Sweetwater Springs Vineyard is an exciting location for our Russian River wines.
Oriented with a west-southwest facing slope, Block 28 - planted to Pommard Clone Pinot Noir - is the sole source for our Sweetwater Springs Pinot Noir. Riddled with shale and granite rock, the Yorkville-Laughlin clay-loam complex soils limit vigor and increases the complexities of the fruit, further concentrating and intensifying our Sweetwater Springs Vineyard Pinot Noir.
Planted on a lower swale next to the small creek running through the property, the Sweetwater Springs Vineyard Chardonnay is 100% Dijon Clone 548. Known for its high fruit quality and aging potential, Clone 548 exhibits bright apple notes, as well as deep stone fruits. The cold microclimate of this block further exemplifies the fresh, bright natural acidity of Clone 548 as well as the site as a whole - the trademark for our Sweetwater Springs Vineyard Chardonnay.
AVA: Sonoma Coast
Sub-AVA: Petaluma Gap
Elevation: 100 feet
Soil: Clear Lake Series
West Block is located in a cool, wind-blown area of Petaluma Gap in the Sonoma Coast AVA. Planted in the early-90’s to the Joseph Phelps clone of Syrah, this vineyard block is oriented east-west allowing even ripening during the long, extended growing season. The close proximity to the San Pablo Bay create a maritime climate that further accentuates the cool climate for Petaluma. The soils are derived from decomposed sandstone and shale, adding intense structure and complexity to our West Block Syrah.